1. VINHO VERDE
Vinho Verde is unique in the world.
Exclusively produced in the “Região Demarcada dos Vinhos Verdes”, in the northwest of Portugal.
The dominant white grape varieties are Alvarinho, Arinto (designated locally by Pedernã), Avesso, Azal, Loureiro and Trajadura, while in the reds stand out the Borraçal, Brancelho, Espadeiro and Vinhão grape varieties.
The white wines are especially aromatic, limpid and refreshing.
The dominant white grape varieties are Côdega do Larinho, Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Rabigato, Syria and Viosinho. The red varieties are Bastardo, Marufo, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional and Trincadeira.
The white wines are very fruity, differentiated by the minerality and balanced palate, marked by a good acidity that gives them freshness and complexity.
The red wines are characterized mainly by, the aromatic complexity, full bodied and with good structure.
3. PORTO AND DOURO
Celebrated as the oldest demarcated wine region in the world, the Douro is essentially famous for producing a fortified wine unique to this region – Port wine. Nowhere in Portugal is man’s intervention in the landscape so evident, visible on the thousands of terraces scattered throughout the region. Due to its beauty and monumentality, the region was recognized by UNESCO as “Património da Humanidade”.
It is one of the richest regions in native grape varieties, with five different: Tinta Barroca, Tinta Roriz, Tinto Cão, Touriga Franca and Touriga Nacional, selected for excellence in Port wine production. The white varieties include: Gouveio, Malvasia Fina, Moscatel, Rabigato and Viosinho.
It is located northeast of the Dão region, bordering the Douro region.
The predominant grape varieties are Bical, Cerceal, Fernão Pires, Gouveio and Malvasia Fina in the whites, Tinta Barroca, Tinta Roriz, Touriga Franca and Touriga Nacional in the reds.
Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, which are decisive in the quality of sparkling wines.
In this region the vineyards are located at a height of about 400 to 700 metres and in soils with many pine trees and maize cultures. The region is surrounded by mountain ranges that protect it from wind. The wines produced in Dão have great potential for ageing in bottle.
In the white grapes, besides the Encruzado, the varieties Bical, Cercial, Malvasia Fina, Rabo de Ovelha and Verdelho stand out. In the red varieties, in addition to the Touriga Nacional, stand out the Alfrocheiro, Jaen and Tinta Roriz and the little valued Baga, Bastardo and Tinta Pinheira.
6. BEIRA INTERIOR
It is the most mountainous region of mainland Portugal, comprising some of the highest mountain ranges in Portugal.
The predominant white varieties are Arinto, Fonte Cal, Malvasia Fina, Rabo de Ovelha and Síria, while in the reds Bastardo, Marufo, Rufete, Tinta Roriz and Touriga Nacional prevail, with a regular presence of very old vines.
Bairrada is rich in the production of white and red wines made up of traditional grape varieties, such as the abundant Baga, and imported to Portuguese soils, such as the Cabernet Sauvignon.
The region of Lisbon, formerly known as Estremadura, is located northwest of Lisbon and stretches for about 40 km. The climate is temperate by virtue of Atlantic influence. Summers are cool and winters are mild.
The wines of the coastal zones present very low alcoholic degrees, with a lightness comparable to the wines of Minho. The soils are divided between limestone and clay-sandy areas.
The main white grapes are Arinto, Fernão Pires, Malvasia Seara-Nova and Vital, while in the red varieties, Alicante Bouschet, Aragonez, Castelão, Tinta Miúda, Touriga Franca, Touriga Nacional and Trincadeira predominate.
Tejo’s native red grapes include the bold Touriga Nacional, Portugal’s most famous varietal, as well as Trincadeira, Castelão and Aragonês.
Fernão Pires and Arinto produce some of the region’s most refreshing white wines. These native grape varieties thrived in warm climates and complex soils of the Tejo region, maintaining the high natural acidity, to produce balanced wines.
Located in the south of Portugal.
In the white grapes, Antão Vaz, Arinto and Roupeiro are the star grapes of the region, besides the little valued, Diagalves, Manteúdo, Perrum and Rabo de Ovelha.
Alfrocheiro, Alicante Bouschet, Aragonez, Castelão and Trincadeira are the most widely-planted red grape, besides the little valued Moreto, Tinta Caiada and Tinta Grossa.
11. PENÍNSULA DE SETÚBAL
The Setúbal Peninsula varies between flat and sandy areas and the mountainous landscape of the Serra da Arrábida.
The two dominant white varieties are Arinto and Fernão Pires, as well as the Moscatel of Alexandria, destined mainly for the region’s generous wines. In the red varieties, the Alfrocheiro and Trincadeira stand out.
Located in the south of Portugal.
The white grape varieties are Arinto, Malvasia Fina, Manteúdo and Syria, while in the red grape varieties Castelão and Negra Mole stand out.
Madeira wine is a liqueur wine with almost unlimited validity, able to survive for more than two centuries.
In the white varieties stand out Sercial, Verdelho, Boal and Malvasia. In the red variety Tinta Negra stand out.
The Azores are an archipelago of nine islands about a third of the way out into the Atlantic on a line between Lisbon and New Jersey.
The predominant grape varieties in Graciosa IPR are Arinto, Boal, Fernão Pires, Terrantez and Verdelho. In Biscoitos and Pico IPR, the preponderant varieties are the Arinto, Terrantez and Verdelho.